Tampa military divorce

Understanding TRICARE and Healthcare Coverage Post-Divorce: Insights from a Tampa Military Divorce Lawyer

Divorce is a challenging process for any family, but it can be particularly complex for military families. One of the critical issues that arise during a military divorce is understanding how healthcare coverage, specifically TRICARE, will be affected post-divorce. As a Tampa military divorce lawyer, I often receive questions about what happens to TRICARE benefits when a military couple divorces. This blog post aims to provide a comprehensive overview of TRICARE and healthcare coverage post-divorce to help military families navigate this aspect of their separation.

What is TRICARE?

TRICARE is the healthcare program for uniformed service members, retirees, and their families. It provides comprehensive coverage, including medical, dental, and prescription benefits. Understanding how divorce impacts TRICARE eligibility is crucial for both the service member and the spouse.

TRICARE Eligibility After Divorce

When a military couple divorces, the service member remains eligible for TRICARE. However, the non-military spouse’s eligibility can change significantly. The continued eligibility of the non-military spouse depends on specific criteria:

20/20/20 Rule: This rule applies if the marriage lasted at least 20 years, the service member served at least 20 years of creditable service, and there was a 20-year overlap between the marriage and the military service. If these conditions are met, the former spouse retains full TRICARE benefits for life, provided they do not remarry or have access to employer-sponsored health insurance.

20/20/15 Rule: If the marriage lasted at least 20 years, the service member served at least 20 years, but there is only a 15-year overlap between the marriage and military service, the former spouse is eligible for TRICARE for one year post-divorce.

Less Than 20/20/15: If the marriage and service overlap for less than 15 years, the former spouse loses TRICARE coverage upon divorce. In this case, they may need to seek alternative healthcare coverage.

Transitional Coverage: The Continued Health Care Benefit Program (CHCBP)

For former spouses who do not qualify for continued TRICARE benefits under the 20/20/20 or 20/20/15 rules, the Continued Health Care Benefit Program (CHCBP) offers a transitional option. CHCBP functions similarly to a civilian COBRA plan, providing temporary healthcare coverage for up to 36 months after the loss of TRICARE eligibility. While CHCBP offers comprehensive coverage, it requires enrollment and the payment of premiums, which can be significantly higher than TRICARE premiums.

Steps to Take Post-Divorce for Healthcare Coverage

Navigating healthcare coverage after a military divorce requires careful planning and understanding of the available options. Here are some steps to consider:

Review Eligibility: Determine whether you qualify for continued TRICARE coverage under the 20/20/20 or 20/20/15 rules. This assessment will guide your next steps and help you understand your options.

Explore CHCBP: If you do not qualify for continued TRICARE coverage, explore the CHCBP as a temporary solution. Keep in mind that you must apply within 60 days of losing TRICARE eligibility.

Consider Employer-Sponsored Insurance: If you have access to employer-sponsored health insurance, compare the coverage and costs with CHCBP. Employer-sponsored plans may provide a more affordable long-term solution.

Investigate the Health Insurance Marketplace: The Health Insurance Marketplace, established under the Affordable Care Act, offers various health insurance plans. Depending on your income and eligibility, you may qualify for subsidies to lower the cost of premiums.

Consult with a Tampa Military Divorce Lawyer: Navigating post-divorce healthcare coverage can be complex, and having professional guidance can make a significant difference. A knowledgeable Tampa military divorce lawyer can help you understand your rights and options, ensuring you make informed decisions about your healthcare coverage.

Special Considerations for Children

Children of military members typically retain their TRICARE eligibility after divorce. The service member remains responsible for enrolling the children in TRICARE and ensuring they have access to healthcare services. However, it’s essential to address healthcare coverage in the divorce decree to avoid any future disputes. This agreement should specify which parent is responsible for maintaining the children’s TRICARE enrollment and covering any associated costs.

The Role of the Divorce Decree

The divorce decree plays a crucial role in determining post-divorce healthcare coverage. It should clearly outline the responsibilities of each party regarding healthcare coverage. For example, the decree can specify that the service member will maintain TRICARE coverage for the children or that the non-military spouse will seek alternative coverage. Including these details in the divorce decree helps prevent misunderstandings and ensures both parties are clear on their obligations.

Financial Implications of Healthcare Coverage Post-Divorce

Divorce can have significant financial implications, and healthcare coverage is no exception. For non-military spouses losing TRICARE coverage, the cost of alternative healthcare plans can be a substantial financial burden. It’s essential to consider these costs when negotiating alimony and property division. A Tampa military divorce lawyer can help you assess the financial impact of losing TRICARE benefits and advocate for a fair settlement that considers these additional expenses.


Understanding TRICARE and healthcare coverage post-divorce is crucial for military families navigating the complexities of separation. While the service member retains TRICARE eligibility, the non-military spouse’s eligibility depends on specific criteria, and alternative options like CHCBP may be necessary. Addressing healthcare coverage in the divorce decree and considering the financial implications are essential steps in ensuring both parties’ needs are met.

As a Tampa military divorce lawyer, I understand the unique challenges military families face during divorce. Professional guidance can make a significant difference in navigating these complexities and ensuring your rights and interests are protected. If you are facing a military divorce and have questions about TRICARE and healthcare coverage, seeking the advice of an experienced Tampa military divorce lawyer can provide the clarity and support you need during this challenging time.

Tampa Divorce Lawyer

Tampa Divorce Lawyer

If you have inquiries about prenuptial or postnuptial agreements, or if you need expert legal assistance in other areas of Family Law in Tampa, Florida or Asheville, North Carolina—including high asset divorces—please don’t hesitate to reach out to Damien McKinney of The McKinney Law Group for a detailed discussion of your case. Damien is available for contact via phone at 813-428-3400 or by email at [email protected].

Additionally, we are excited to offer online prenuptial agreements. For more information about this convenient service, please contact us to explore how our online prenup option can meet your needs.